A lot of festivals occur during the summertime and arts festivals have to be one of my favorite. It is so much fun to see the different types of art, listen to live music and just enjoy a nice summer day outside. After working as a director of an art gallery for many years I have learned a thing or two about art and have gained a new appreciation for paintings and sculpture. So, to help you feel a little bit more knowledgeable about art I listed 10 common terms with their definitions.
Do you like to go to arts festivals?
1. Medium: The type of material used to create a piece of art. A medium can be almost anything. I have seen pieces made out of bottle caps, tree branches and even blood.
2. Abstract: A term used to describe a piece of art that is not representational or based on reality
3. Commission: To request a piece of art with you in mind. Most artists will have you put money down if you would like them to paint something for you.
4. Diptych or Triptych: A diptych is an art piece consisting of two parts and a triptych is a piece consisting of three parts.
5. Lost Wax Process: The way the majority of bronzes are cast. The piece usually starts out with a precast made out clay, wood or wax. A rubber mold is made and wax is poured into the rubber mold. The wax then goes through a porclain slurry and has a hard shell surrounding it. Finally, hot bronze is poured into this shell and the wax is melted out. Many bronzes are done in pieces and then welded together.
6. Edition: If a piece of work comes in an edition this means there are more than one. The edition can be closed or open. If it is closed the artist makes a minimum amount and stops producing copies once they reach the end of the edition. If it is open the artist has not decided on the number they want to make yet. The edition numbers usually look something like 5/30; 5 being the number you are purchasing and 30 being the amount in the edition.
7. Contemporary: Art made during the present time
8.Giclee: An exact print of an original painting using a high end ink jet printer. Giclees are usually printed onto canvas, fine art or photo paper. An enhanced giclee means the artist printed a copy of an original, but added paint to parts of the painting, but not the entire piece.
9. Patina: The colors on a bronze. To get a various colors you paint certain chemicals and acids onto the bronze and heat them at different temperatures.
10. Direct Positive: A photographic term referring to a positive image made directly by exposure to light and by development without the use of a negative. In a direct positive print an image is produced on a surface and then treated chemically to imitate the tonal range of nature.
Painting: “Mirage” by Troy Collins